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National Parks/ Wildlife Reserve/ Conservation Areas in Nepal

Nepal is a land of great contrasts in climate and natural features; it has a unique topography ranging from lowlands with sub-tropical jungles to arctic conditions in the Himalayan highlands. Within a mere 150 kilometers the land rises from near sea level in the south to over 8000 meters in the North. This, together with the monsoon rainfall along the south facing slopes, has resulted in compact almost all climate zones found on planet Earth. As a result, Nepal has been endowed with a great diversity of life-zones providing a home for a large variety of plants, birds and animals.

The Terai lowlands are defined by a belt of well-watered floodplains widen from the Indian border northward to the first slopes of the Bhabhar and the Siwalik Range. This is the richest habitat in the land with tall grasslands interspersed with reverence and hardwood Sal forest. Here one can see wildlife such as the swamp deer, musk deer, black buck, blue bull, the royal Bengal tiger, gharial and marsh mugger crocodile and the last of a breed of Asiatic wild buffalo. This area is also rich in birdlife with a variety of babbles and orioles, and drogues, peacocks and Florida’s, and a multitude of wintering wildfowl. There are five protected areas in Nepal - Koshi Tappu and Parsa in the east, Sukla Phanta and impostor for hunting in the west and Shivapuri in the. Mid-mountain region.

Upper in the north between 2000 and 3500 meters lays the Mahabharata Range with its oak crowned crests. The hills of this midland are covered by a moist moderate jungle of deodar, oak, maple and birch in which are found deer, goral mourning, leopard and monkey, the beautiful multi-colored lampion pheasant (Nepal's national bird) is also found here with other endangered birds like the kolas and Cheer Pheasants. Protected areas in this zone include National Park in the Far-West, Dhorpatan Hunting reserve, North-west of Pokhara and Shivapuri Wildlife safe haven near Katmandu.

Superior still, nearer the snowcap is the alpine mountain border which is the trouble of snow leopard, which preys on blue sheep and the Himalayan. Infrequently seen are the wolf, black bears and lynx. The Sherpas, Manage, and Dolpa-bas are some of those who farm and graze their livestock on the high mountain pastures. Langtang, Sagarmatha (Everest), Shey-Phoksundo and Rara National Parks are the protected high altitude areas of Nepal.

» Langtang National Park
Langtang National Park

Langtang National Park enclose the catchments of two major river systems which is Situated in the Central Himalaya, Langtang National Park is the nearest park to Katmandu ....

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» Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park
Sagarmatha (Everest) National Park

Sagarmatha National Park covers an area of 1148 square kilometers in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The Park includes the highest peak in the world. Mt. Sagarmatha (Everest 8848 m.) ....

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» Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve

Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve lies in Rukum, Myagdi and Baglung Districts in the Dhaulagiri Himal range in West Nepal. Putha, Churen and Gurja Himal extend over the northern boundary of the reserve ....

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» Mustang Conservation Area
Mustang Conservation Area

In March 1992, the 'forbidden' kingdom of Mustang was opened to the outside world. Now, for the first time in recent history, foreign travelers are able to visit La Manthang, the seat of an ancient ....

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» Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park stands today as a successful testimony of nature conservation in South Asia. This is the first national park of Nepal established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem significantly .....

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» Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the flood plain of the Sapta-Koshi in Saptri and Sunsari Districts of eastern Nepal. The area is defined by the eastern and western embankments of the river ....

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» Shey Phoksundo National Park
Shey Phoksundo National Park

Shey Phoksundo National Park is situated in the mountain region of Western Nepal, covering parts of Dolpa and Mugu Districts. Gazetted in 1984, it is the largest national park in the country with an area ....

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» Parsa Wildlife Reserve
Parsa Wildlife Reserve

Parsa Wildlife Reserve was established in 1984 with an area of 499 sq. Km. It occupy part of Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa and Bara Districts in Central Nepal. The reserve headquarter is situated ....

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» Rara National Park
Rara National Park

Rara National Park is located in northwest Nepal about 371 km air distance from Kathmandu. The park headquarters is about 32 km north to Jumla. Most of the park including Lake Rara lies ....

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» Bardia National Park
Bardia National Park

Covering an area of 968 sq. Km, Royal Bardia National Park is situated in the mid-Far Western Terai, east of the Karnali River. Originally set aside in 1968 as a Royal Hunting Reserve ....

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» Khaptad (Baba) National Park
Khaptad (Baba) National Park

Khaptad National Park is located in the mid-mountain region of Far-Western Nepal at an air distance of 446 km from Kathmandu. The core area is situated at the cross point of Bajhang, Bajura ....

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» Suklaphant Wildlife Reserve
Suklaphant Wildlife Reserve

The Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is situated in the southern part of Far-West Nepal in Kanchanpur District. The reserve lies between 80o 25' east longitude and 28o 35' north latitude .....

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» Makalu- Barun National Park
Makalu- Barun National Park

High in the heart of the eastern Himalayan, seven valleys radiate from Mt. Makalu, the world's fifth highest peak. These valleys, particularly the Barun valley, treasure some of the last remaining ....

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» Annapurna Conservation Area
Annapurna Conservation Area

The area has been a smash hit in the world of conservation. Perhaps this is the area that pioneered a successful conservation without armed personnel. With the help of the local people, this highland ....

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» Manasalu Conservation Area
Manasalu Conservation Area

This is yet another conservation area in the mountain region. Bordering the Annapurna Conservation Area to the west and Tibetan Plateau on the north and the east, the Manasalu region ....

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» Kanchanjunga Conservation Area
Kanchanjunga Conservation Area

Situated in north eastern Nepal in Taplejung District, the conservation area is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region-China in the north, Sikkim-India in the east and Sankhuwasabha District ....

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